26 Sep 1855 - first railway line opened

On 26 September 1855 the first railway line in NSW was opened.

The 22km 'Great Trunk Line' operated from Sydney (Redfern) to Parramatta with stations at Newtown, Ashfield, Burwood, Homebush and Parramatta Junction at Granville.

The Sydney terminal was on the south side of Devonshire Street, just south of the current location of Central Station. In its first full year of operation over 350,000 passengers used the new rail service.

Source: Transport Sydney Trains. (2021). History of the NSW railways

The day was pretty generally observed as a holiday, all the public offices, the banks, and most of the shops being closed. The flag-staff and the ships in harbour were gaily dressed with bunting, and flags were displayed at various points on the chief lines of route, and at the railway station.

Empire. (1855). Opening of the Sydney and Parramatta railway

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Crowds at the entrance to St James Station
On This Day

20 Dec 1926 - Sydney underground railway opened

On 20 December 1926 the first section of underground railway in Sydney began operating

https://www.records.nsw.gov.au/sites/default/files/styles/juicebox_large/public/Collection/Photos/17420_a014_a014000269.jpg?itok=JIk_3fb3

Central Railway Station: Through the Lens

Highlighting the transformation of Central Railway Station from its opening in 1855 to 1921 when the clocktower was completed

A large group of men stand in front of a train carriage at the Eveleigh Workshops in 1917

Eveleigh Workshops during the 1917 railway strike

On 2 August 1917 the General Strike began. It started in the Randwick Rail Workshops & Eveleigh Carriage Workshops & quickly spread to other industries until about 100,000 workers were on strike

Colour illustration of man.

John Bradfield

John Bradfield is known as the father of modern Sydney, largely because of the role he played in overseeing the design and construction of an Australian icon, the Sydney Harbour Bridge