1 May 1815 - Opening of the Supreme Court

The Supreme Court of Civil Judicature was opened by its first judge, Jeffrey Hart Bent, on 1 May 1815.

Judge Bent in turn swore in William Broughton and Alexander Riley as magistrates. The Supreme Court was established by the Second Charter of Justice in 1814 and dealt with pleas of debt, account or other contracts, trespasses and other personal pleas. The Court was abolished by the Third Charter of Justice in 1823 and replaced by the Supreme Court of NSW that dealt with both civil and criminal jurisdictions.

Source: Currey, C. (1966). Bent, Jeffery Hart (1781-1852).Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 1

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