‘Gii, Gundhi (Hearts and Homes)’

A single song can have a thousand meanings depending on its interpreter. Yuwaalaraay storyteller and musician Nardi Simpson shares her version of a 19th-century parlour song.

Many of the music scores found at Rouse Hill Estate were extremely popular across NSW during the 19th century. Unknown today, the song ‘Hearts and Homes’ by Charlotte Young (words) and John Blockley (music) is recorded in newspapers and family music collections at least as far north as the Clarence River area, and further south in the Hunter Valley, Sydney, Rouse Hill, Goulburn and Wagga Wagga. These early songs permeated the soundscape of homesteads and towns and, inevitably, the country of First Nations.

Nardi Simpson is deeply involved in the making and sharing of culture in both her Sydney and Yuwaalaraay communities and she responds to ‘Hearts and Homes’ in her own language. She adds her voice to the sound waves of the past, joining all those who sang or maybe just heard this song over many decades across NSW:

Hearts and Homes sweet words of pleasure,

Gii, gundhi, gaba gaay

Music breathing as ye fall.

Yugal buliirral-da-nha, ngali bandaa-waa-nha

Making each the others treasure,

Burranba-y-la-nha nginda warrangal

Once divided losing all.

Gi-gila-nha mulan, ngali wanggarra-y-la-nha

(Becoming half we are lost)

Nardi has also added her own verse as a repeated response with which she frames Charlotte Young’s original words:

I am without a home

Gundhi-dhalibaa ngaya

Taken it.


In creating her performance of this work, Nardi experimented with accompanying herself on dulcimer and then guitar before thinking of the onomatopoeic word for ‘heart’ in the Darug language, ‘Butbut’. Referencing the possum skin drumming of her Yuwaalaraay ancestors, Nardi accompanies herself with a firm, steady beat on wallaby hide.

Nardi has created an entirely new work and so this video is unique.

Below we have shared another version of ‘Hearts and Homes’ from House Music at Your House made by Nicole and James Forysth as well as examples of the interpretive power of Nardi and Kaleena Briggs in their group Stiff Gins.


Still from the three person panel discussion

House Music at Your House webinar

A new musical experiment aiming to bring the music of the 19th century into the 21st century

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Rolled piece of music on wooden scroll.

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Rouse Hill house boasts a fine pianola, a player piano, which came into the house just a few years before the outbreak of World War I