4 May 1842 - Moreton Bay declared a free settlement

The penal colony of Moreton Bay, on traditional Turrbal and Yuggera land, was declared a free settlement on 4 May 1842.

It had been established by John Oxley in August 1824 and up until 1842 was primarily a place of secondary punishment for convicts who committed serious offences while serving their original sentence in New South Wales. At the height of the penal colony in 1829 there were nearly 1,000 convicts. By 1839 only 107 remained.

Queensland was declared a separate colony from New South Wales in 1859.

Source: Queensland Times. (1909). Early history of Queensland

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Convict penal settlements

Penal settlements were places of incarceration and punishment for convicts who committed serious offences after reaching New South Wales

Convict Certificates of Freedom

A certificate of freedom was a document stating that a convict's sentence had been served

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A history of convict transportation to New South Wales and related records such as trial records and records of the voyage and arrival

Female Factory, Parramatta

The majority of women convicts were engaged in the manufacture of wool and linen at the Female Factory. A smaller number were employed as hospital nurses and midwives, as servants to officers, and in caring for orphans