Gaol inmates & prisoners

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Convicts: gaol records

A secure gaol was required for convicts who committed criminal offences within the colony and were sentenced to imprisonment. Gaols were also used to house prisoners awaiting trial or transportation to another penal settlement

  • Guides
Gaol inmates & prisoners guide

Find out what types of prison records are available and how to access them

  • Guides
Gaol inmates & prisoners photos index 1870-1930

The Gaol Photographic Description Books contain a photograph of each prisoner and the following information: number, prisoners' name, aliases, date when portrait was taken, native place, year of birth, details of arrival in the colony - ship and year of arrival, trade or occupation, religion, standard of education, height, weight (on committal, on discharge), colour of hair, colour of eyes, marks or special features, number of previous portrait, where and when tried, offence, sentence, remarks, and details of previous convictions (where and when, offence and sentence).

  • Indexes
Gaol photographs

We have indexed and digitised this collection of photographs of men, women and children who were incarcerated in the NSW prison system c1870–c1930

  • Webinars
Tracing NSW gaolbirds

An introduction to the goal records held in the NSW State Archives collection

  • Webinars